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**LAO**: left anterior oblique (projection through the human body).
**Larmor equation**: states that the frequency of precession of the nuclear magnetic moment is proportional to the magnetic field.

ω0 = -γ × B0 (radians per second); or

ν0 = -γ × B0/2π (Hertz),

where ω0 and ν0, respectively, are the frequency, γ is the gyromagnetic ratio, and B0 is the magnetic induction field. The negative sign indicates the direction of rotation.
**Larmor frequency (ω0 or ν0)**: the frequency at which magnetic resonance can be excited; given by the Larmor equation. By varying the magnetic field across the body with a gradient magnetic field, the corresponding variation of the Larmor frequency can be used to encode position. For protons (hydrogen nuclei), the Larmor frequency is 42.58 MHz/ Tesla.
**Lattice**: the magnetic and thermal environment with which nuclei exchange energy in longitudinal relaxation.
**Line imaging** → Sequential line imaging.
**Line scanning** → Sequential line imaging.
**Line width**: width of line in spectrum; related to the reciprocal of the transverse relaxation time (T2* in practical systems). Measured in units of frequency, generally at the half- maximum points.
**Localized spectroscopy**: the acquisition of spectra from a region within a sample. The region is usually defined using selective RF pulses and field gradients.
**Longitudinal magnetization (Mz)**: component of the macroscopic magnetization vector along the static magnetic field. Following excitation by RF pulse, Mz will approach its equilibrium value M0, with a characteristic time constant T1.
**Longitudinal relaxation**: return of longitudinal magnetization to its equilibrium value after excitation; requires exchange of energy between the nuclear spins and the lattice.
**Longitudinal relaxation time** → T1.
**Lorentzian line**: usual shape of the lines in an NMR spectrum, characterized by a central peak with long tails; proportional to 1/[(1/T2)² + (ν-ν0)²], where ν is frequency and ν0 is the frequency of the peak (i.e. central resonance frequency).
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